IfAD Development Economics Workshops are often co-organized with the leading international development institutions (e.g., UN institutions), aimed at focused discussion on specific economic development issues. The participants include researchers, thinkers, and practitioners who are at the forefront of national and international economic development policy debates,their formulation and implementation.

Targeting of the Poor

Conference jointly organized by the Initiative for Agency and Development at the University of Arizona and the Independent Office of Evaluation of the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IOE-IFAD)

The Initiative for Agency and Development at the University of Arizona and the Independent Office of Evaluation of the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IOE-IFAD) are co-organizing a conference, Targeting of the Poor, at the University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona, 8-9 November 2023. The conference will provide a forum for presentation and discussion of the cutting-edge applied evaluation research on targeting of the poor and ultra-poor.

The United Nations 2030 Agenda for the Sustainable Development Goals promotes the “no one left behind” principle of the 2030 Agenda. This requires development efforts to integrate social justice, gender intersectionality and focus on poor people and communities.

Effective and efficient targeting of the poor is a critical step for successful anti-poverty and social protection programs, particularly in rural areas. However, targeting of the poor is challenging, especially in developing countries, because poverty status is dynamic (people and households move in and out of poverty), multidimensional (e.g., it involves income, nutrition, human and social capital, among other dimensions) and challenging to measure, even in monetary terms (part of their income sources are from the informal sectors or remittances, where transactions are hard to track).

Traditionally, anti-poverty and social protection programs have relied on household consumption expenditure survey data to identify the poor. However, such surveys are expensive and suffer from various measurement errors. As a result, alternative methods of targeting have been proposed and utilized, including means testing, proxy means testing, geographic targeting, demographic targeting, self-targeting, and community-based targeting.


Speakers: Invited
Date: 8-9 November 2023
Time:09:00 AM -5:00 PM
Location:University Of Arizona

  • Who is poor? Who is ultra-poor? The economic, psychological, and social lives of the poor and ultra-poor. Contributions on gender and poverty, ethnicity and poverty, disability and poverty and intersectionality of poverty
  • Methods for targeting of the poor (e.g., traditional method of targeting, proxy means testing, geographic targeting, demographic targeting, self-targeting, community-based targeting), and evidence and challenges to the targeting of the poor
  • Evidence on successful and not successful cases of reaching the poor, identification of underlying factors and lessons from targeting of the poor from agricultural, rural, poverty, and social protection programs in developing countries in Africa, Asia, Latin America, and Europe.

In the last twenty years, a significant amount of interdisciplinary literature has emerged on alternative methods of targeting of the poor, including studies that utilize qualitative and quantitative techniques, case studies, randomized experiments, and impact evaluation studies conducted by international development institutions.

Insights from economics, law, and behavioral sciences to inform identification and designs of effective development policies and programs to promote agency and economic development.

Mailing Address:

The Initiative for Agency and Development
McClelland Park 304F, 650 N. Park Ave.
University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85719

We are a leading source of insights and policy dialogues concerning poverty, agency, and development:

We respectfully acknowledge the University of Arizona is on the land and territories of Indigenous peoples. Today, Arizona is home to 22 federally recognized tribes, with Tucson being home to the O’odham and the Yaqui. Committed to diversity and inclusion, the University strives to build sustainable relationships with sovereign Native Nations and Indigenous communities through education offerings, partnerships, and community service.

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